How To Insulate a Tent
If you think about it - every tent should come with some sort of insulation given it will be used only outside, and probably in different weather conditions, but that’s just not the case. The reality is only 4 season tents have built-in insulation, while all the others have nothing but bare walls. So now you must be wondering how to insulate a tent.
It’s not that hard and we will get to it, but first let us say that if you want to get adventurous and camp out during pretty cold or extremely hot days, you simply need to put tent insulation on the highest place on your priority list. It’s what will make your days in a tent pleasant and as comfortable as it’s possible.
There are only two things to think about - wall tent insulation and tent floor insulation. Regarding walls, there are two ways you can install insulation - from the inside and from the outside. And when it comes to floor insulation, it is an easy task you will smoothly handle, especially if you have all camping equipment. But let’s start from the beginning.
What type of tents exist
The best way to insulate a tent is to know, for starters, what type of tent you own or need. There are season 1, season 2, 3, 4, and season 5 tents. And those numbers don’t refer to the number of seasons you can use your tent for, it’s simply a matter of ratings.
Season 1 tent - these are the most basic summer tents. They are very thin and very light in the waterproof department, which means they will protect you in case of a short summer shower, but you will be soaking wet in case a storm happens and you use this tent in spring or autumn when the weather is more unstable.
Season 2 tent - this tent is pretty much the same as season 1, except it mostly comes with a rainfly. But still, it is not suitable for winter or for places with extreme temperatures. This is a tent ideal for backpacking, but with some sort of wall insulation in case the weather changes unexpectedly.
Season 3 tent - the bestselling tent belongs to this class, and it is the most versatile in the market. These tents always come with a rainfly, they have great ventilation and can withstand a storm. The experts say the season 3 tent is suitable for summer, spring, and autumn typical weather, but not for winter. If you think about using it during cold months then you need to think about tent insulation as well.
Season 4 tent - the season 4 tents are heavily insulated tents that are intended only for winter usage. They are capable to withstand heavy windstorms and heavy rains given they come with extra waterproof protection. It would be a mistake to use them during summer because no matter how breathable they are, they may get very hot to stay in because of their double-layer walls.
Season 5 tent - when talking about season 5 tents know they are expedition tents suitable for all conditions and for professional usage. That’s the only tent for extreme weather you can find in the market. They are very expensive since they are built from the highest quality materials, have double walls, and come with protection from snow dumps.
How to insulate tent walls
The majority of cold air will enter your tent through its walls given they are its largest areas, and also, the warmth will get away through the walls fastest too. So the main aspect of insulation should be covering the tent’s walls with some sort of insulation. As we already mentioned, there are two ways of how to insulate a tent regarding its walls. You can do it from the inside and from the outside. And just to make it clear, we are here talking about season 2 and 3 tents that desperately need the insulation if you are thinking of using them in different climates.
External tent insulation
If you decide to insulate your tent from the outside, you can use a method where only the top of the tent is protected from heat loss, and you can do that with reflective foil. That way, when the hot air goes up, which is an expected process, the foil will push it back towards you. This is not the best solution but it is the most economical one so you may give it a shot.
Another option regarding outer insulation is intended for hot climate camping, and it is based on covering the whole tent with some sort of reflective foil that has the ability to keep the hot air outside. The reflective bubble is a great solution to this problem since it could reflect the heat away from the tent, helping that way for the inside to stay cool.
Internal tent insulation
Generally speaking, insulating the inside of a tent is a repetitive job given you have to do it every single time you unpack and set up the tent. So it would be good if the process itself won’t take too much time or for it not to be super complicated. When it comes to internal insulation, it is a longer procedure for sure, because you have to cover every side of the tent with insulation material.
For the internal insulation, you can use pretty much any flexible material you would use on a house, so foil fiberglass vinyl or bubble wrap could be great solutions. This is by far the best insulation option, but it does take too much time and can be pretty annoying.
How to insulate a tent floor
If you are wondering how to insulate a tent for winter camping, or at least how to do it well, know that floor insulation must be on top of your priorities. The floor is the area you want to be the most insulated because that’s where you will sleep and eat, and spend all your time when inside the tent. So you need to make sure it is warm enough during winter. Here are the things you can do:
- Tent footprint - the first layer between you and the ground should be a tent footprint. It is a waterproof piece of fabric that’s usually custom-cut to fit the tent size and it keeps the cold and frozen winter ground away from you.
- Reflective foil - here is another purpose for your reflective foil; you should find a foil that has both reflective sides and lay it down on your tent's floor, above the tent footprint. It will do two things - first, it will reflect your body heat back to you, and second - it will reflect the cold that comes from the ground back to it.
- Foam padding - as it turns out, placing foam padding on your tent floor will add to your insulation significantly. It is a cheap solution and very effective given the padding will limit the heat transfer between the ground and your tent.
- Heating carpet - experienced campers claim that if you use heating carpet and reflective foil you probably won’t even have to insulate the walls of the tent, at least if you are not exposed to extreme cold. Heating carpet is an investment that will most certainly pay off, and it is designed especially for tent usage.
How to insulate a party tent
Let’s not forget there are other forms of tents, other than camping ones that need to be insulated as well. We are talking about the event, party tents that can be used for different occasions and celebrations in the open, even during colder days.
In order to make that happen, you will need a good insulation option to make sure a party tent stays cool in the summer, but also warm during early and late autumn days. Using some materials for metal building insulation is possible for party tents as well.
Foil fiberglass vinyl is one option since it is a flexible material that can be attached to curvy and soft tent walls, and since it has a nice white finish that won’t take away from the tent's aesthetics.
Sure, it will take time for it to be cut properly and attached to all the walls and tent ceiling, but it will most definitely pay off given you will be having a possibility of using the party tent from early spring all the way to the late fall.